Relics of former greatness. In Chisinau there is one small, but very interesting museum. Space - a museum. The exposition in it is devoted space. It would Seem, what relation our Moldova to development of space open spaces has? It appears, the most direct. In our republic the high technologies considerably facilitating development of the Soviet astronautics were developed.
The astronautics museum has arisen still in the seventies the last century on the basis of one of city schools. But then happens so, that the exposition suddenly became necessary to nobody. Though is not present, not the truth. There was one person, Nelli Kirillov which, once has by hook or by crook collected museum pieces, has by all means decided them to keep. Also stored throughout 15 years in own small flat. Probably, very few people on the such is capable, and, considering dimensions of "five-storey apartment blocks" and presence of a rather big family, storage enough the volume exposition in general seems by miracle. However and was, and now, thanks to diligence of this modest woman, any interested person can feel scope of the space program of the former USSR. The museum has received the second breath in 2001 and since then is constantly opened for all comers.
For more young visitors the most valuable exhibit considers overalls in which one of the Soviet cosmonauts has spent the put term in an orbit. To tell the truth, looking at it, from the first attempt also you will not understand how to put on yes where to clasp. The design thought has provided everything, and it is more similar to scientific working out, than on clothes.
For adults in a museum too it is a lot of interesting. That there is a device for manufacture and the biomass processing, invented in the beginning 80 Moldavian scientists and with success applied in space programs of the USSR. One more little-known achievement of the Moldavian experts - a reusable film. I will remind, in those days still anybody and did not dream of digital cameras, all filmed. In conditions when on the account each gramme and road each minute, a reusable film had tremendous success. The general sense of the invention was reduced to what each shot of a film is covered by several layers of special photosensitive connection what allowed to use it to thousand times - well than, tell, differs from the modern multipurpose technics?
Pride of a museum - a set of pencils «Кимек» manufactures of the Kishinev mechanical factory. Over a problem of records in the conditions of weightlessness the American scientists fought decades, have spent about one million dollars. But all is ineffectual: paste in ball pens refused flatly a leak in the necessary direction, about ink and the question did not stand - in weightlessness they would scatter тысячью the smallest vials on all station. The usual pencil too did not approach - it should be sharpened, and thus the shaving and a graphite dust behave too not in the best way and can be mortally dangerous both for people, and for devices. The Kishinev workers and scientists of one million dollars had no, worked for the salary. But the party has told «It is necessary!» Also the pencil with mechanical giving of a slate pencil has been invented. Now more perfect and graceful colleagues of those pencils are on sale in any shop and then it was the present break. It is remembered, being schoolboys, we often assorted these pencils on making parts and found of them weight of possibilities for application not to destination - here they, sources of all technical novelties.
One more pride of the Moldavian industry takes a special place in a museum. Already for anybody not the secret, that the main supplier of a foodstuff for orbital stations and rockets was the Moldavian scientific research institute of the food-processing industry. Tubas of the most various sizes with porridge and juice, soups and garnishes, salads and forcemeat were in demand up to 1982. Then special vacuum packages have been developed, and сублимированные products have received new packing. In all honesty, I can not tell, that the brown weight in packages looks appetizing, but cosmonauts did not complain also a Moldavian cuisine appreciated. By the way, in the conditions of weightlessness chewing reflexes first of all vanish. It can lead to rather serious consequences so in the Kishinev scientific research institute of the food-processing industry specially the ruler of products has been developed for maintenance of a chewing reflex. Basically, it there were in special way processed dried fruits.
Museum exhibits - witnesses of a great epoch of origin of space flights. Be not too lazy, visit this museum - to you it will be interesting.
photo by Valerii Corcimari